Wetlands tie together land and water and are some of the most productive ecosystems in the world.
Other names for different types of wetlands include marsh, pocosin, swamp and bog.
Wetlands can be made up of trees, grasses, shrubs or moss. To be called a wetland, an area must be filled or soaked with water at least part of the year, but some wetlands are actually dry at certain times.
Benefits from Wetlands
Wetlands have many important functions that benefit people and wildlife:
- Provide habitat for a wide variety and number of wildlife and plants
- Filter, clean and store water
- Act as sponges to collect and hold flood waters
- Absorb wind and tidal forces during storms, protecting the land behind them
- Provide places of beauty for fishing, kayaking and exploring
- Control erosion