Large-Scale Debris and Vessel Cleanup
In the wake of several devastating hurricanes, including Hurricane Florence in 2018, stakeholders developing the Marine Debris Action Plan for North Carolina began focusing on the significant number of abandoned and derelict vessels (ADVs) and marine debris deposited by the storms in our estuaries, islands and wetlands. The debris, made up of materials from docks, piers, houses and other coastal structures included pressure treated and creosote lumber, plastic and polystyrene floats, building materials, household trash and lost fishing gear. The ADVs numbers approached 400 coast wide. The need for large scale, coordinated cleanups became very apparent, the first project was launched in 2019.
NOAA Marine Debris Program Vessel Removal in the Northeast Region
The North Carolina Coastal Federation will be removing large scale marine debris in the Albemarle-Pamlico Sound with a grant award from the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Marine Debris Program. The federation will coordinate the project in partnership with Dare County and the N.C. Division of Coastal Management.
The major goal of the NOAA grant funded project is to remove at least 20 abandoned and derelict vessels that currently harm important habitat such as oyster reef, submerged aquatic vegetation, shallow subtidal and coastal wetlands in the Albemarle-Pamlico estuary. Division of Coastal Management staff identified numerous abandoned and derelict vessels and other large-scale marine debris that negatively impact different habitats within Currituck Banks and Kitty Hawk Woods component of the N.C. Coastal Reserve.
Natural Resources Conservation Service’s and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Marine Debris and Vessel Removal in the Central and Southeast Regions
The Coastal Federation has received funding from National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to remove marine debris and abandoned and derelict vessels from Hurricane Michael and Hurricane Florence. Areas that will be focused on are sensitive habitats, remote shorelines, tidal marshes and public land in Pamlico, Beaufort, Craven, Carteret, Onslow, Pender, New Hanover, and Brunswick counties. Cleanup efforts began in the fall of 2020.
In 2020, the Coastal Federation in partnership with the Division of Coastal Management (DCM) has received funding through the Natural Resources Conservation Service’s (NRCS) Emergency Watershed Program to clean up marine debris from Hurricane Florence that still litters North Carolina coastal habitats. This funding also addresses abandoned and derelict vessels littering the coast. The project focuses on cleaning up debris from Rachel Carson Reserve, Hammocks Beach State Park, Permuda Island and Masonboro Island Reserves, public lands and dredge spoil islands in Carteret, Onslow, Pender and Carteret County.
Field crews began removing debris in the central and southern region in July. Central region marine debris cleanup crews have focused cleanup efforts on Rachel Carson Reserve and Hammocks Beach State Park. As of September, the crews have removed over 30 tons of debris from both sites. Some interesting things they’ve discovered along the way include an old graveyard in Hammocks Beach State Park and even Christmas Decorations on the Rachel Carson Reserve. Donovan Smith, supervisor for the central region crew shared, “I couldn’t believe how much debris is out here. It would be great if we could cleanup all down the coastline. I’m a commercial fisherman on the side, so it’s important to me to keep the water clean. All the debris, trash and pollution is not good for wildlife, fish and oysters. It’s not good for anything.”
The southeast region crew has been working on the Permuda Island Coastal Reserve in Stump Sound, and the Masonboro Island Reserve. From July through September they have collected and removed over 43 tons of debris from the reserve. Household debris and consumer trash only make up about 10-15% of the debris being found. Most of the debris being collected by the other crews are large pieces of debris like lumber and floats from broken up docks and piers. “People should really pay attention to how these things are being built and maintained along the coast. It would probably be cheaper for the property owner and the public to build these more solid than to replace them with every storm” said southeast field crew leader Joe Huie.
Added to the tons of debris are the many abandoned and derelict vessels (ADVs) that were scattered all along the coast during hurricanes and tropical storms Matthew, Florence and Michael. The Emergency Watershed Program project is just one of several efforts underway to address marine debris in coastal N.C. In July, Governor Cooper approved final legislation that updated authorizing language to allow the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission to remove vessels littering the coast. An additional $1 million in state appropriations for the NCWRC will be used to remove vessels left by hurricanes Florence and Matthew. The N.C. Division of Coastal Management, N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission and the federation have assessed and documented abandoned vessels targeted for removal through several funding programs. Vessel removal is anticipated to begin in November and will focus on the ADVs from the named storms. Crews of fishermen along with specialized contractors will remove the vessels.
NOAA Marine Debris Program Vessel Removal in the Southeast Region
The National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Marine Debris Program is supporting the federation’s work with marine contractors and local municipalities to create model building codes and construction specifications to ensure docks and piers are built stronger to better withstand the forces of future hurricanes. For future preparedness, the Federation is also working with NOAA to develop best management practices and a case study on large-scale marine debris removal for distribution by NOAA for other regions. This funding also supported additional debris removal from de Pender, New Hanover and Brunswick Counties. A four-person crew of fishers from Sneads Ferry collected 115 tons of debris from Topsail Sound and Middle Sound between November 2019 and May 2020. An additional 1,000 lbs. of debris were collected by volunteers during clean up events at the Morris Landing Clean Water Preserve on Stump Sound.
Click here to read more about the project from the crew’s perspective.
NC General Assembly Funding for Marine Debris Cleanup in Central and Southeast Regions
In 2019 the North Carolina General Assembly provided $400,000 in funding to the NC Department of Environmental Quality to remove Hurricane Florence debris in Carteret and Onslow Counties. The project focused on consumer debris, and heavy wooden debris from damaged docks and piers that had washed up after Florence. During 6 months, crews of fishermen and women and locals worked tirelessly by hand and using small boats to clean up 43 miles of marsh and dredge spoil islands along the Intracoastal Waterway near Swansboro, the lower New River and Stump Sound. Over 200 tons of consumer and wooden debris from Hurricane Florence was picked up, along with three abandoned and derelict vessels. In order to maintain habitat quality and not cause disturbance to the surrounding marsh vegetation, the crew members hauled out wood by hand to piles that the contractor could reach with heavy equipment from the waterway.
Photos by Logan Prochaska