We are witnessing an increase in the number and severity of storms. That’s exactly what scientists have predicted as an indicator of climate change. In the fall of 2017, Harvey, Irma and Maria devastated many coastal communities. Our hearts go out to those communities that are now struggling to recover. We were lucky in North Carolina to be spared the destruction of these storms.
The federation collaborates with sister organizations that restore coastal habitats including the Galveston Bay Foundation, just outside of Houston and Tampa Bay Watch in Florida. Their reports in the wake of this year’s storms confirm what we know to be true: Natural habitats are more resilient to storms, and we need to strengthen our natural defenses here in coastal North Carolina to protect our coastal communities.
In addition to post-hurricane reports from coastal professionals, university researchers in North Carolina have published peer-reviewed papers documenting that properties with bulkheads experienced 93 percent of post-hurricane shoreline damage and had higher maintenance and repair costs than natural shorelines and revetments. Research also demonstrates that natural marshes and living shorelines protected estuarine shorelines from erosion better than bulkheads during Hurricane Matthew last year. Read these full scientific articles to learn more:
The 2018 Coastal Resilience Initiative takes a multi-pronged approach to strengthening our natural defenses by restoring wetland buffers and living shorelines, protecting existing wetlands from illegal destruction, and by working with farmers to convert marginal cropland back into large wetland areas. All of these efforts combined will restore more than 5,000 acres of wetlands over the next three years — more than offsetting our annual losses. The initiative also includes an education and outreach component to increase awareness about the need for resiliency and what we can do at the community, local and state levels.
The initiative includes:
• Living shorelines: The Coastal Resilience Initiative will restore living shorelines in about two dozen locations along our coast in 2018. These living shorelines restore habitat, protect our coast from erosion and damage from storms, improve water quality and provide recreational opportunities such as fishing, swimming and public access. These projects demonstrate the value of living shorelines, and help create consumer demand for similar projects up and down our coastline as an alternative to bulkheads.
• Protect existing wetlands: Another part of this initiative is to protect and restore the existing wetlands that buffer our coast from floods and pollution. We keep a sharp eye out for illegal conversions of wetlands and work to find alternatives to legal wetland loss by supporting low impact development and green design.
• Restoring farmland: Over the next three years, the federation will work in partnership with the Natural Resources Conservation Service to restore more than 5,000 acres of farmland back to wetlands. We will work directly with local farmers and landowners who opt in to this restoration program. Once completed, these restored wetlands will significantly offset wetland losses with a net gain of more than 3,500 acres in eastern North Carolina, and will absorb nearly seven billion gallons of runoff from large rain events.
• Watershed restoration plans: The federation will develop new watershed restoration plans for our coastal communities each year, and implement the plans that we’ve already prepared. These plans identify pollutant sources and land use changes in the watershed, and prioritize actions to restore habitat and water quality. These plans are required to apply for federal funding for water quality improvements. Stormwater runoff reduction measures already installed through watershed plans have been shown to reduce bacteria and sediment by over 90% in some places, and reduce polluted runoff by about 500,000 gallons in each major storm.
• Outreach and education: An equally important part of this initiative involves encouraging our friends, neighbors and decision-makers to take action to protect our coast. The education and outreach component of the Coastal Resilience Initiative will convey information about coastal habitats and water quality, threats, resiliency actions through the initiative and what individuals can do to help. The initiative will not only implement on-the-ground projects and develop plans for future work, but will also work to change the hearts and minds of North Carolinians through public forums and workshops, as well as communications through social media, email and print materials.